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Issapur Farm, (Division of Germplasm Evaluation)

Name of Officer Incharge: Dr Vijay Singh Meena
Contact Number: 011-2584???? Ext. ??? (9217879580, 9818576454)
Address: Issapur Farm, (Division of Germplasm Evaluaiton) ICAR-National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources Pusa Campus, New Delhi – 110012, INDIA
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Overview

Consequent upon establishment of National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources (NBPGR) in 1976, a piece of land of 100 acre was obtained from Gaon Sabha, Issapur on 99 years lease at a lease rate of Rs.100 per acre. The purpose of establishing the research farm was to undertake germplasm multiplication/ characterization, evaluation and rejuvenation. Located 45 km South-West of NBPGR Headquarter and adjacent to Delhi-Haryana (Dhansa) border, the farm area comprises two blocks. Block ‘A’ is spread across 70 acres and is well developed with boundary wall, roads, irrigation channels, three tube wells and a canal water outlet. This block also houses the farm buildings like farm office, threshing floor, farm stores etc. On the other hand, ‘B’-block measures around 30 acres and has an underground pipe line (Connected to ‘A’-block) for irrigation.

The soil of the station varies from sandy loam to loamy sand with a pH of around 8.0. The ground water is highly saline having an EC of over 8 m mhos/cm and canal water is the major source of irrigation. Issapur has semi-arid sub-tropical climate with temperature ranging from a maximum of around 450C during summer to a minimum of around 20C during winter. The average annual precipitation received at the Experimental Station is around 400 mm.

Apart from maintaining perennial crops comprising fruit plants, agro-forestry species, medicinal and aromatic plants; annual crops are raised mainly in two seasons, kharif and rabi. The major crops grown during kharif season are cowpea, guar, pearl millet, maize, brinjal and cucurbits while wheat, barley and rapeseed-mustard are mainly grown during Rabi season. The scientists are assisted by field staff comprising Farm Manager, technical assistants, tractor drivers and supporting staffs.

 Around 25 acre area is covered by roads, channels, farm buildings and other infrastructure while about 15 acres is devoted to germplasm maintenance of perennials comprising fruit plants, agro-forestry species, medicinal and aromatic plants. Germplasm evaluation and regeneration of annuals in normally carried out in an area of around 10 acres in each seasons. The remaining area is generally put under seed production for resource generation.